One often hears the remark “Well Science has proven that…”. This has always sounded very strange to me. Is Science a living thing? How can it prove something if it’s not living? Science without a living being is as dead as any piece of matter. So that’s why this statement is strange, it gives people the idea that Science is some kind of living thing, a kind of inexorable dictator that says it as it is. Well that is not the case.
Well lets get the definition of the word Science from Dictionary.com:
- a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws:the mathematical sciences.
- systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation.
- any of the branches of natural or physical science.
- systematized knowledge in general.
- knowledge, as of facts or principles; knowledge gained by systematic study.
- a particular branch of knowledge.
- skill, especially reflecting a precise application of facts or principles; proficiency.
So its very clear that Science can not prove anything, only a Scientist can or anyone can actually using logic and observation.
All you need to prove anything is to physically demonstrate it. For example one can prove that oil floats on water by pouring it into a glass of water and observing the result. You don’t have to “prove” anything or do any convincing, you just have to let someone observe what you are doing and he or she can see for themselves! There is no convincing involved just getting someone to look for themselves and see.
As soon as someone has to refer to something that one must just believe or trust, instead of insisting that you look and observe for yourself you are opening the door to tyranny and being duped.
Sometimes to demonstrate something it takes many steps, so many that we decide to trust someone else to do the “Observation” and tell us what the result is. This can be abused and is abused today, and is used to manipulate people so that they believe or trust blatant falsehoods! A typical example of this is antidepressants that mostly increase the risk of suicide, yet are marketed as antidepressants. There must be an huge mis observation here!
Looking around one can see many examples of other’s false observation being put out and accepted on the base of authority.
Don’t buy the “It’s too complicated” lie. There is almost nothing that can’t be communicated and observed if one just learns all the terms used and takes the time and effort to look and observe.
The job of the Scientist is to observe and discover new things and ideas AND communicate the results so that we too can observe what he saw. This cuts out all the questions of the “Ethics” of Science. The ethics consist only of being honest with what was observed and letting others observe as well.
One trick is to create a “theory” and if it is made obscure enough people can just start believing it is true! There needs to be honesty here, it is always a theory. A theory needs to be tested and once it shows out in practice, it is no longer a theory it’s an observable fact.
Too many times a theory is proposed and some tests match that theory and then that theory is said to be fact, when all that is proven is that some instances of observation satisfy that theory.
So Science is an organised body of knowledge, and body of observations and patterns proposed that describe the observations and help predict them. Science doesn’t prove anything it is just the organization of what is observed.